The New Gallia-Germania Judaica
Pilot Research Project (2017-2020) for an European Digital Cooperative Project Judaica in Europe

Project

The New Gallia-Germania Judaica (NGGJ) – pilot research project for an European Digital Cooperative Project Judaica in Europe
funded by the State Ministry of Baden-Wuerttemberg for Sciences, Research and Arts, the Klaus Tschira Foundation and the Central Council of Jews in Germany (Zentralrat der Juden in Deutschland K.d.ö.R)

2017 marks the first centenary of the Germania Judaica. The project was conceived as an international reference work that would undertake the task of providing a catalogue of local entries on the Jewish History of all the cities, places, and regions within the German-speaking world. Now almost a century ago the first volume of the printed edition was published (GJ I: Von den Anfängen bis 1273).

Despite the events of the Shoah, the project continued to thrive into the publication of a third volume (until 1519). The corpus was deemed equally indispensable to both Jewish and General History alike and, after 1945, laid the foundations for futher transboundary cooperation between Israeli and German historians. Nevertheless, the work that would have later comprised the fourth volume (GJ IV bis 1650) never came through. In a similar fashion to the Germania Judaica, the project Nouvelle Gallia Judaica was launched by French scholars in order to replace its precursor of 1897, albeit without the adequate publication of any consequential works to date.


The New Gallia-Germania Judaica aims to weave these two reference enterprises and bring them to fruition. The project thereby concentrates on the timeframe from the beginnings of  Ashkenaz (ca. 900)—within the Jewish cultural sphere of Latin Europe—to the apogee of its development prior to 1300. Placing a strong focus on the central regions of Ashkenaz from the Upper and Middle Rhein region (i.e. today’s federal states Baden-Wuerttemberg, Hesse, and Rhineland-Palatinate) to Champagne. The project seeks to bring local entries regarding spaces and regions up to date. In doing so, the project does not intend to revise these entries for a book series, but rather to fulfill the aims of the initiators via constructive application of today’s technical means: as a digitally-safe, interactively applied, and a steadily maintained web platform with free and open access to all users. The platform should enable optimum accessibility and foster the awareness that Judaism is elemental in the inherent makeup of Europe, both historically and currently. The following outlined New Gallia-Germania Judaica lends itself as a pilot project for subsequently evolving Judaica in Europe.

 

The aim of the project is to establish a virtual and academically grounded Forum, which is designed to reflect sustainability and self-preservation, and which installs a European-wide communication structure (posting articles and introducing research findings) at an administratively minimal and thereby cost-effective level via quality-assured instruments. Furthermore, these challenges—both to found an efficient, transboundary forum of cooperative operations and to launch said forum effectively—present themselves dually with the gains, namely, the accomplishments of both an adaptable vehicle for awareness of individual locations and regions pertaining to their manifold Jewish histories, as well as a user-friendly data software development for specific questions. These achievements ultimately stand as evidence of the efficiency of transnational structures and the scholarly pursuit of a long-term pan-European network.

News

5. Juli 2017

IMC 2017, Leeds

Präsentation:

The ‘New Gallia-Germania Judaica’: An International Database of Jewish Settlements, Locations, and Migrations
(Language: English)
Clemens Liedtke, Hochschule für Jüdische Studien Heidelberg
Amélie Sagasser, Hochschule für Jüdische Studien Heidelberg
Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Geography and Settlement Studies; Hebrew and Jewish Studies

More Info:

https://tinyurl.com/k4zymvf

History

  • 1897

    The Origins: The Gallia Judaica

    Beginning of the Gallia Judaica under the direction of Henri Gross

  • 1903

    Germania Judaica:

    Upon suggestion of Breslau Rabbi and Historian Marcus Brann before a group of German speaking rabbies and Jewish scholars, the germ of the Germania Judaica is first discussed in the context of a board session of the Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaft des Judentums.

  • June 1905

    Starting the Work

    Board Session in Breslau; the first working draft is published in the society’s monthly journal.

  • 1907

    First Structures

    Presentation of an alphabetical table with localities and the personal names therein.

  • 1909

    Publishing of eight example articles.

  • 1913

    Pre-print of articles about localities and territories listing items A-L

  • 1914-1918

    World War I

  • 1917

    100 Years ago

    Publishing of the first partial volume (A-L) of Germania Judaica I for the period from the beginnings to 1238.

  • 1920

    The manuscript for entries M-Z is under review at the printing house where it’s misplaced.

  • The Twenties

    Ismar Elbogen takes charge of the project and asks the authors to reconstruct their contributions. Chaim Tykocinski takes over to write several articles as well as editing other articles.

  • 1933

    Hitler’s rise to power

  • 1934

    The 2nd Fascicle

    Publishing the second partial volume (M-Z) of Germania Judaica I for the period from the beginnings to 1238.

  • 1936

    On a meeting of the members of the society, Dr. Nachum Wehrmann advocates to expand the Germania Judaica up to the year 1500. Although the proposal is agreed upon, the year 1348 is still set as the date limit for the following volume.

    Until October 1938, more than 100 articles are available for review. During the pogroms in November, they fell into the hands of the Nazi party. The contributors are asked by the society to issue their articles again.

  • 1939-1945

    World War II

    At the beginning of WWII, 80% of the material is brought to safety in London. In 1954, it is transferred to the Jewish Historical General Archives in Jerusalem.

  • 1955

    The newly founded Leo-Baeck-Institut takes over the Germania Judaica II and assigns the project to Dr. Zvi Avneri at Haifa.

  • 1967

    Publishing of the first partial volume of Germania Judaica II (A-L)

  • 1968

    Publishing of the second partial volume of Germania Judaica II (M-Z)

  • 1969

    Starting the works on Germania Judaica III (1350 -1519). Appointed by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Arye Maimon succeeds Zvi Avneri.

  • 1972

    Founding of the Nouvelle Gallia Judaica by Bernhard Blumenkranz sel. A.

  • 1987

    Publishing of the first partial volume (A-L)

  • 1995

    Publishing of the second partial volume (M-Z)

  • 2003

    Publishing of the third partial volume (territories; introductions and indexes)

    In the preface to volume III/3 in 2003, the editors of Germania Judaica, Mordechai Breuer und Yacov Guggenheim, advance their plans to expand the project as Germania Judaica IV for the period up to 1620. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf come to an agreement for further cooperation. However, the project falls through after another partial volume (IV.2: Landgrafschaft Hessen-Marburg). The digital publication of the project never saw the light so far.

  • 2017

Team

 

Prof. Dr. Johannes Heil

Project lead

Amélie Sagasser, MA

Scientific assistance

Clemens Liedtke, MA

Software development

Stefan Gittel

Student research assistant

Joaquín Porras Ordieres

Student research assistant

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